The Masoretic Text, Septuagint, Vulgate, & Textus Receptus – 4 to Know

The Masoretic Text, Septuagint, Vulgate, & Textus Receptus.

MT:  Jewish Old Testament in Hebrew and Aramaic, compiled 7th-10th Century AD from various earlier texts.

LXX: “70” Jewish scholars translated the Old Testament into Greek, 200-100 BC, often quoted in the NT.  The Greek OT Bible of Jesus’ day.

Vulgate:  means “common”, Jerome in 380’s AD translated the Hebrew Old Testament and Greek New Testament into Latin.

The Textus Receptus:  the “received text”, Erasmus in the 15th Century AD, compiled the New Testament from Greek manuscripts (not using the Latin) utilizing as his main source the Byzantine Family of Greek texts which are later Greek texts from 5th to 12th C, but Erasmus only used 6 Byzantine texts from the 12th Century.  German Luther and KJV English Bibles used Erasmus’ Greek NT for their NT German and English Translations.  The KJV though sacred to some Americans from their tradition and upbringing, is not from the earliest manuscripts.
More modern English Translations generally utilize the Alexandrian Family of Greek Texts which are more recently discovered and much earlier Greek texts from like around 200 AD.


Leave a Reply