Oct. 30, Sermon Notes Galatians 1:11-24

Paul’s Conversion 34AD
First mission 46AD thru Galatia
Second Mission 49AD thru Galatia
*** Paul wrote to Galatians 51AD***
Third Mission 53AD thru Galatia
… Paul and Peter…both in Rome…disappear…late 60’sAD

Vs. 11-12
Not man-made.
Not received from man.
Not taught by man.
Paul’s Gospel?
Apostle’s Gospel?
By Revelation of Jesus Christ.

From 30-44AD
Mark 7:19 Syrophoe
Mark 7:24 Temple
Mark 11:12 All clean food
Mark 16:15 All the world
Acts 9:1 Paul called to Gentiles, 34AD
Acts 10:44-45 Cornelius/Peter Dream, 44AD
Jerusalem Council 49AD

His religious experience thesis for:
His Commissioning and “the Gospel”.
“Coincidentally” Same Gospel as All Apostles 11 + Matthias, Barnabas, James, Stephen, Silas, Timothy, Apollos, Adronicus, Junia. Along with the written records of
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Peter, James, Jude
Vs. 13-14 Phil. 3:4-6 his Jewish life.
Traditions: memorizing Torah, studying rabbinic commentary
Acts 7:58 Persecuted the Church.
Religious of the Religion with extreme Religiousness…
What about you?
Are you religious…
Or do you love God and people?

Vs. 15-17
Like Jeremiah 1:5 ‘set apart from birth’.
Called by grace. Reveal his Son. …in order to preach to the Gentiles!
Arabia, then Damascus for 3 years!
What were you set apart while still in the womb to do for God?
Acts 9:20 “And immediately he proclaimed Jesus in the synagogues saying,
‘He is the Son of God.’
How are you proclaiming that…
‘He is the Son of God.’
Vs. 18-20
Wow… Peter, Paul, and James. Quite a trio.
…all 3 live and are martyred for Jesus.
Will anyone in here die for the Gospel?
Will all in here live …for the Gospel?

Vs. 21-24
Syria (Capital of Antioch)
Tarsus is in Cilicia Paul headed home.
Hearing of a miracle conversion.
Praising God.
All have miracle conversions. No one’s testimony is “boring”.

Oct. 23, Sermon Notes Galatians 1:1-10

The Run Down
Review Paul’s Timeline:
Paul’s Conversion 34AD – Damascus 3 years – to Jerusalem – Antioch home base – Tarsus – Antioch 1 yr – Jerusalem famine (Acts only) – Antioch – First mission 46AD thru Galatia– to Jerusalem Council 49AD – to Antioch – Second Mission 49AD – thru Galatia – to Antioch – Third Mission 53AD thru Galatia – to Jerusalem – Arrested – to Rome 60AD – Luke wrote Acts 63 – Nero Emperor – Great Fire in Rome 64AD – Persecution Breaks Out in Rome – … Paul and Peter in Rome …disappear… Clement writes. 90AD

1 Clement, a letter written by the Roman bishop Clement of Rome, around the year 90 reports this about Paul:[81]
“By reason of jealousy and strife Paul by his example pointed out the prize of patient endurance. After that he had been seven times in bonds, had been driven into exile, had been stoned, had preached in the East and in the West, he won the noble renown which was the reward of his faith, having taught righteousness unto the whole world and having reached the farthest bounds of the West; and when he had borne his testimony before the rulers, so he departed from the world and went unto the holy place, having been found a notable pattern of patient endurance.”

Eusebius of Caesarea, who wrote in the 4th century, states that Paul was beheaded in the reign of the Roman Emperor Nero. This event has been dated either to the year 64, when Rome was devastated by a fire, or a few years later, to 67.

Criticism from Paul’s accusers.
#1 They question his Apostleship? Chapter 1 deals with Paul’s response of his authority of revelation from God.. not any other.
#2 Paul is teaching something different from the other apostles. Handled in Chapter 2, the same Gospel.

Read Gal. 1:1-10
Galatians 1:1-5
Three main themes in intro salutation:
1. Source of authority.
2. Doctrine of grace.
3. Full deliverance from sin.
One: authority is being spoken into your life by the Word of God. Are you receiving it? You are saved by Grace… by what your savior did. Do you rest in that? Are you being delivered from sin?

Vs. 1 This is usual for Paul… but he adds not from men nor through man… because this is what is being challenged in this church by the legalizers, his apostleship and thus his teaching authority and content.

Acts 1:21-26… Seemingly defined: Apostleship 1) eyewitness of Christ’s ministry to resurrection… 2) commissioned by Jesus.
Paul defends his apostleship… and Luke does to… of him and Barnabas Acts 14:14…. And also James the bro of Jesus 1 Cor. 15:7 and Galatians 1:19. (Matt. 12:46… originally James thought crazy.)
Silvanus 1 Thess. 1:1 and 2:6-7.

Vs. 1 Specifically, no man commissioned Paul… but the Lord Jesus Himself did.
In 1:18 he will reference going up after 3 years to see Cephas and James… but he distancing himself as being Commissioned by them… by “man”… no… he will state he was commissioned by Jesus and the Father himself.
Then in 2:9 some 14 years later his going to the Apostles and them all agreeing on the Gospel message.. thus equal in revelation… equal in authority… all commissioned by Jesus.

Vs. 2 to the churches of Galatia… to be read in the region. Circulated.

Vs. 3 God the Father and Jesus Christ reversed from vs. 1… heightens the oneness of the two. As Jesus says in John 17:21.
20″I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, 21 that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me.

Vs. 4 … deliverance… in the sense of not rescued from … but delivered from the power of … this present age.
Last in Gal 5:16… not to take again the yoke of slavery again… you are in this world….

Vs. 6 Paul usually praises the local church…. Here he goes straight into astonishment.
Obviously reports have come to him about the church.
Deserting… it’s with connotations change of attitude and of military revolt.
They aren’t just being deceived… or falling.. they are revolting from Grace!
They are turning to a “different gospel”… one not of grace. To one of works.
They are polar opposites. To reject grace is to reject God.

Vs. 7 Paul wants to be clear… that actually there is no “different gospel”… or another way… another option.
That those among them are actually distorting the true Gospel. This will trouble them.
Gal. 3:1-3. Who has bewitched you? The law?

Vs. 8 emphasizing… that if we or an angel preached a different one… let him be ‘accursed’. This is not “Paul’s” Gospel.
2 Cor. 11:14, 15 “angel of light”?
13For such men are false apostles, deceitful workmen, disguising themselves as apostles of Christ. 14And no wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light. 15So it is no surprise if his servants, also, disguise themselves as servants of righteousness. Their end will correspond to their deeds.

In vs. 8 and 9. “anathema” Paul literally says “Let them be damned!”
He is fired up. He repeats this strong condemnation twice.
It is by Grace… and not the Law… Period!
Gal 2:21. If man can be saved by the law… doing what’s right and not doing what’s wrong… Christ died in vain.
1 Corin. 15:17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile and you are still in your sins.

Vs. 9 he changes from “him or angel” to “anyone” … from “the one we preached” to “the one you received”… from supposition “if we”… to “is preaching”… so he’s transitioned to specifically go against those teaching this yet without naming them…. including those with the Galatians… let him be ‘accursed’.

Vs. 10 “For” is the connector… in condemning anyone, teachers, men, who oppose the Gospel… is he trying to please?…. When the Gospel is at stake… he doesn’t try to please man.
In 1 Cor. 9… he talks about a way of pleasing and fitting in with people… but not at a cost to the Gospel.. but to bring them to the Gospel. Here in Galatians… this is all about the Gospel!
He says he is a slave of Christ. In truth … to find freedom… we leave slavery to sin for slavery in Christ… which leads to true freedom.

Oct. 16, Sermon Notes Galatians 1

The Run Down
Galatians Perception Brain Games… 1) Card trick… then 2) Storm Trooper.
Galatians written 49-55AD
After 2 mission trips through.
So written after being in Corinth on his Second Missionary journey.

Acts by Luke written 62-64AD.
See Galatia map, with Paul’s travels.
In present day Turkey.

Compare recorded events Galatians(Paul) / Acts (Luke)

(Galatians 1:16)
Road to Damascus – converted. 33-35AD
Straight to Arabia then to Damascus again for 3 years.
1st to Jerusalem for 15 days 36-38AD
With Cephas and James
then to Syria / Cilicia

(Paul doesn’t mention the 2nd recorded trip to Jerusalem that Luke does…thus Paul’s 2nd is Luke’s 3rd.)

…14 years later…

2nd to Jerusalem (Gal. 2:1-10) 47-49AD
With Barnabas, Titus,
Privately before James, Cephas, John
(Remember the poor.)
Galatians then was written 49-55AD

(Acts 9)
Road to Damascus – converted. 33-35AD

1st to Jerusalem (Acts 9:26), Barnabas takes Paul to scared apostles.
Paul To Caesarea (Acts 9:30) To Tarsus (Cilicia)…
(Acts 11:25) Barnabas To Tarsus… Them back to Antioch, Teach one year…

Barnabas and Paul leave…

2nd to Jerusalem, famine. (Acts 11:27)
Back to Antioch (Acts 12:25)
First mission, 46/47AD (Acts 13:2)
To Cyprus out and back to Antioch

3rd to Jerusalem, Council, 49/50AD (Acts 15:1)
to Antioch
Second Mission, 49AD (Acts 15:36)
Ends 52-53AD (Acts 18:22)
To Antioch
From Antioch
Third Mission, 53-59AD

4th to Jerusalem, arrested.
To Rome, 60AD.
Luke then was written 62-64AD

Criticism from Paul’s accusers.
#1 He received his imperfect Gospel from others. Chapter 1 deals with Paul’s response of his authority of revelation from God.. not any other.
#2 Criticism Paul is teaching something different from the other apostles… handled in Chapter 2.

Galatians 1:1-5
Three main themes in intro salutation:
1. Source of authority.
2. Doctrine of grace.
3. Full deliverance from sin.

One: authority is being spoken into your life by the Word of God. Are you receiving it? You are saved by Grace… by what your savior did. Do you rest in that? Are you being delivered from sin?

Vs. 1 This is usual for Paul… but he adds because this is what is being challenged in this church by the legalizers.

Acts 1:21-26… Seemingly defined: Apostleship 1) eyewitness of Christ’s ministry to resurrection… 2) commissioned by Jesus.
Paul defends his apostleship… and Luke does to… of him and Barnabas Acts 14:14…. And also James the bro of Jesus 1 Cor. 15:7 and Galatians 1:19. (Matth. 12:46… originally James thought crazy.)
Silvanus 1 Thess. 1:1 and 2:6-7.

5 min. Christmas Carol clip. You’ll Shoot Your Eye Out.
What we want so desperately… might not be in the end the best for us…..
Real life……

Real life. You’ll shoot your eye out.
What you really really want…
What we really want and what God gives us….. it’s hard to figure out….

Monday Mommy and Kareena home from Ballet Class Monday.. I’m splitting wood… BAM… piece splinters off and hits me in the knee… oh my… writhing on the ground in pain…

Wife tremendous pain this week. Emergency doctor meetings. Probably another surgery.
Willingness to help others faiths through our pain?
My daughters prayer of “God if you don’t answer this I’ll be mad?” Honesty.
Personal testimony story this week.
Answers for yall… life as witness…. Personal struggle and faith….

Yet Corina says… “We are billionaires when it comes to love in this family.” That’s a good statement when life is giving us unexpected after unexpected.
God… help us we study deeply and gain information in your word…. While real life… and the unexpected is happening in people’s lives all around us… help us to love you and love one another.

Oct. 9, Sermon Notes Joel 3

Assyrian Empire 722 BC Babylonian Empire 600 BC Mede-Persian Empire 539 BC Roman Empire 64 BC
Jerusalem barely survives Assyrians, 722BC
Jerusalem destroyed by Babylonians, 586BC
Jews come back under Persians, 539BC
Jerusalem oppressed by Romans, 64BC
Jerusalem destroyed by Romans, 70AD
Israel reconstitutes, 1948
Prophesy: Luke 21
Joel Jesus predicts Jewish Destruction
Day of the Lord Cosmic Events Cosmic Events
Locusts, Assyrians,
Pentecost, Last Days Matt. 27
Jesus Dies
Earthquake, Darkness
Peter at Pentecost,
Joel’s “Spirit poured out”.
Acts 2, Cosmic Events
Underlying Practical: Repent, Be Blessed, Be Restored, Forever.
Yet conditional, temporal,…. People break covenant… …. God’s restoration is broken.

Ultimate Overarching: God will ultimately fulfill this promise of restoration, when Gentiles and Jews receive Messiah. Romans 11:25ff.

The Run Down
Joel 3
Just as he “poetically” goes in and out, back and forth in the double symbolism of Locusts/Assyrians… he likewise moves in and out of “the day of the Lord”…
Does he know it… or not…
How clearly does he understand the final days… from Jesus Messiah to the Future End?
He will use apocalyptic language for incredible occurrences…. Literal… sometimes… sometimes not so much… at least as of yet.
Jesus will use similar language…

Locust have attacked.
1:15 Alas for the day of the Lord is near.
Locust have ravaged… Assyrians coming?
2:1 for the day of the Lord is coming
Darkness, gloom, clouds, darkness…
2:10 earth quakes sun/moon darkened, stars not shining,
The Lord before this army.
2:11 The day of the Lord is great … who can endure it?

Return to me.
Lords pity, and restoration.
2:26 my people never again put to shame.
2:28 And it shall come to pass afterward…
I will pour out my spirit…
2:30 wonders in heaven, earth, blood fire smoke, sun darkened.
Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.

Jesus says about Jerusalem’s future judgment after he is gone…
Luke 21
20″But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near. 21Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains, and let those who are inside the city depart, and let not those who are out in the country enter it, 22for these are days of vengeance, to fulfill all that is written. 23 Alas for women who are pregnant and for those who are nursing infants in those days! For there will be great distress upon the earth and wrath against this people. 24They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
25″And there will be signs in sun and moon and stars, and on the earth distress of nations in perplexity because of the roaring of the sea and the waves, 26people fainting with fear and with foreboding of what is coming on the world. For the powers of the heavens will be shaken. 27And then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory. 28Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near.”
Matthew 27
45Now from the sixth hour[f] there was darkness over all the land[g] until the ninth hour.[h] 46And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 47And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” 48And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. 49But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” 50And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit. 51And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split.
Acts 2
14But Peter, standing with the eleven, lifted up his voice and addressed them: “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and give ear to my words. 15For these people are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day.[b] 16But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:
17 “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh,and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
and your young men shall see visions,
and your old men shall dream dreams;
18even on my male servants[c] and female servants
in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy.
19And I will show wonders in the heavens above
and signs on the earth below,
blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;
20 the sun shall be turned to darkness
and the moon to blood,
before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day.
21And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’

Go over Sheet: History, Prophesy, Principle.
God is plaintiff in court room.
vs. 1-3 they have scattered God’s people among the nations.
The foreigners have taken God’s “land”.
Sold the inhabitants of Israel/Jerusalem, portions of Judah as slaves.
Jehoshaphat means “Jah” (short for Jahweh) judges.
Intended to be symbolic, like other valleys.
None named that literally in Palestine.
“The plain of judicial decision.”
The symbolic place in “that coming day” when God will judge.
Valley tradition:
Valley of Hinnom (Jeremiah 7:30-34;19:1-7) Valley of Slaughter
Valley of Vision Isa. 22:1-13
Valley of Those who Travel Ez. 39:11 Valley of Hamon Gog.

Vs. 4-8
Tyre and Sidon, major trade cities on the coasts, utilized in slave trading.
During this time… the people had luxurious homes… and the gold and silver is plundered by their enemies.
Doesn’t specifically mention the Assyrians, but some traditional adversaries,… just maybe including “all the nations”….
The punishment will fit the crime.
Gal. 6:7, 2 Thess. 1:6-8. Matt. 18:23-35, forgiven debtor doesn’t forgive.
Seba is know only as a distant country in the OT, but archeology has located it in modern day Yemen, opposite from Greece.
Reap what you sow.
Return sin upon their own heads concept.

Vs. 9-12 Proclaim this among the nations.
From court room to battle scene.
From His nation Israel first … now to the nations.
Call to judgment.
Let all the nations know.
God was judging Judah for her sins… soon he will judge the nations for their sins and sins against Judah.
Farmers become warriors, weak will become strong.
This will be the Lord’s battle.
Psalm 24:8 Lord mighty in battle.
Ironic reversal of Isa. 2:4 and Micah 4:3 of beating plow shares.
Isa. 2
1The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem.
2 It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the LORD
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and shall be lifted up above the hills;
and all the nations shall flow to it,
3and many peoples shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go the law,[a]
and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
4He shall judge between the nations,
and shall decide disputes for many peoples;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore.
Micah 4
1It shall come to pass in the latter days
that the mountain of the house of the LORD
shall be established as the highest of the mountains,
and it shall be lifted up above the hills;
and peoples shall flow to it,
2and many nations shall come, and say:
“Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD,
to the house of the God of Jacob,
that he may teach us his ways
and that we may walk in his paths.”
For out of Zion shall go forth the law,[a]
and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
3He shall judge between many peoples,
and shall decide for strong nations far away;
and they shall beat their swords into plowshares,
and their spears into pruning hooks;
nation shall not lift up sword against nation,
neither shall they learn war anymore;
God will bring down angelic hosts to fight.
Joel 3:9-10
Proclaim this among the nations: Consecrate for war;
stir up the mighty men.
Let all the men of war draw near;
let them come up.
10 Beat your plowshares into swords,
and your pruning hooks into spears;
let the weak say, “I am a warrior.”

But… before this final judgment of “all the nations”… Jesus will reject his own… who reject him…
And demand the Gospel be preached to all the nations…

Mark 4:10ff
10And when he was alone, those around him with the twelve asked him about the parables. 11And he said to them, “To you has been given the secret of the kingdom of God, but for those outside everything is in parables, 12 so that “they may indeed see but not perceive, and may indeed hear but not understand, lest they should turn and be forgiven.”
13 And he said to them, “Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand all the parables? 14 The sower sows the word. 15And these are the ones along the path, where the word is sown: when they hear, Satan immediately comes and takes away the word that is sown in them. 16And these are the ones sown on rocky ground: the ones who, when they hear the word, immediately receive it with joy. 17And they have no root in themselves, but endure for a while; then, when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately they fall away.[a] 18And others are the ones sown among thorns. They are those who hear the word, 19but the cares of the world and the deceitfulness of riches and the desires for other things enter in and choke the word, and it proves unfruitful. 20But those that were sown on the good soil are the ones who hear the word and accept it and bear fruit, thirtyfold and sixtyfold and a hundredfold.”
21 And he said to them, “Is a lamp brought in to be put under a basket, or under a bed, and not on a stand? 22 For nothing is hidden except to be made manifest; nor is anything secret except to come to light. 23 If anyone has ears to hear, let him hear.” 24And he said to them, “Pay attention to what you hear: with the measure you use, it will be measured to you, and still more will be added to you. 25 For to the one who has, more will be given, and from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.”
Mark 11:12
12 On the following day, when they came from Bethany, he was hungry. 13 And seeing in the distance a fig tree in leaf, he went to see if he could find anything on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs. 14And he said to it, “May no one ever eat fruit from you again.” And his disciples heard it.

Mark 10
3And as he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter and James and John and Andrew asked him privately, 4″Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign when all these things are about to be accomplished?” 5And Jesus began to say to them, “See that no one leads you astray. 6 Many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he!’ and they will lead many astray. 7And when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, do not be alarmed. This must take place, but the end is not yet. 8For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. These are but the beginning of the birth pains.
9 “But be on your guard. For they will deliver you over to councils, and you will be beaten in synagogues, and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness before them. 10And the gospel must first be proclaimed to all nations.

Mark 11:15-19
15 And they came to Jerusalem. And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money-changers and the seats of those who sold pigeons. 16And he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the temple. 17And he was teaching them and saying to them, “Is it not written, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a den of robbers.” 18And the chief priests and the scribes heard it and were seeking a way to destroy him, for they feared him, because all the crowd was astonished at his teaching. 19 And when evening came they[b] went out of the city.
Matt. 28:16-20
16Now the eleven disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. 17And when they saw him they worshiped him, but some doubted. 18And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in[b] the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.”

Vs. 13-17
The Final Battle
God calls the angelic hosts to swing the sickle, harvest.
Crush grapes in winepress.
Vs. 14 becomes “valley of decision” or “valley of verdict”.
Should remember 2:12… even now you can repent. As judgment is upon you.
Romans 11:25-32. Mercy on all.
Yet Final Judgment is real.

Vs. 18-21 Glorious future.
1:5 the sweet wine was cut off… now it flows.
1:18 no milk… now rich.
1:17-20 no water in drought… now flow all year round.
Fountain from the Temple Ps. 46:4.
Valley of Shittim mentioned nowhere else in the Bible. Maybe rocky portion of Kidron Valley moves southwest towards dead sea.
Two enemies will be destroyed: Egypt and Edom.
Day of the Lord… enemies lose.
Abundance, restoration, for Judah…
Peace from enemies…
Defeating of foes.

This prophetic book flows from
current to future judgments,
current to future “days of the Lord”,
current to future blessings.
God offers himself … reject/receive…
He judges His… calls to the nations… all can repent…
Mercy on them all.
From Jonah’s day… to Joel’s day… to Jesus’s day…
to the “last days”…
Then Judgment.

New 20-30something Small Group

Brooke and Taylor are starting a small group for young adults between the ages of 20-30. The small group will be meeting on Thursday at 7:30 pm with the projected start date of Thursday October 21. The place we will meet is at our apartment, Legacy Arobretum Apartments, 1815 Whispering Forest Dr., Apartment 303. Also, there is no car towing enforced, therefore you can park anywhere except a handicapped space.
Pray about joining and bringing a friend! Get involved.

Oct. 2, Sermon Notes Joel 2

The Run Down
Joel 2
The Locust plague has come in Chapter 1.
A double figure of locusts and an army seem to be interwoven in Joel’s warnings.
Most probably, since a good dating of Joel is 790-740BC, the Assyrian army, is the real army interwoven in the prophetic threat.

His contemporaries are Amos, Hosea, Jonah, Micah, and Isaiah… all dealing with the same issues of prosperity, fake religious activity, forgetting God, impending judgment, and the Assyrians. Yet the Assyrian army and the current King are not specifically named in Joel.
Dated closely with Amos, that does date itself. Similar to time events of Israel during Hosea/Amos.
Kings Jeroboam II in Israel (Hosea) and Uzziah in Judah (Joel).
743 Assyrian western campaigns begin.
733BC attack Israel.
724BC siege capital of Samaria.
722BC capitulates… exile, Israel (northern k) is done.
2:1-13. The coming army.
Vs. 1 Blow the trumpet in Zion – the shofar.. used in religious ceremony and alarm for war.
Vs. 2 For the Day of the Lord is coming.
Let’s press this analogy of this religious horn a bit… bring it out of context to the present.
Do you have friends that are allowed to blow the trumpet of alarm in your life, that are willing to warn you that God’s discipline is going to come unless you turn from your sin?
To help you see, maybe the obvious or the not so obvious.
Do you regularly meet with a group that is spurring you own towards what God would have of you? To keep you accountable? To sound the alarm if need be?
Let’s not ignore in our own lives… the possibility for what we are studying in Joel’s day…
Could very well occur in us… where we are listening to the Lord… we aren’t telling of His works, we aren’t growing, or we are in sin,…. This is what has brought on the locust plague and the soon coming Assyrian army.
Joel will use the double figure of locusts and armies throughout.

How goofy it can be to study about forgiveness,… and not forgive
To feed the hungry and shelter the homeless… and not do it.
To studying sharing our faith… and yet never attempt it.
To read about warning trumpets… but not willing to hear of warning trumpets in our own lives….
Let’s continue to be students who apply what they learn.

All of this that follows… is about “The Day of the LORD”.
Vs. 2-11.
Wow… not such a message of power positive thinking… he’s coming to judge… and it’s not our enemies… it’s us.
This locust army, devastating in and of itself.. is only the precursor… the foreshadowing symbolic analogy of an even worse army that is coming… the Assyrians!
They are looming large and growing above this satiated, pride growing, God forgetting country… Judah.
Israel will actually be completely decimated… and Judah will all but be crushed… Jerusalem will not be taken ultimately by the Assyrians… but will be painful.
This interwoven movement where it seems at times words about the locusts and at times about the Assyrian army. Most thinking he’s purposefully prophetically using the locusts for the Assyrians. Current judgment, future judgment… to future future judgment.
Amos 5:18-20, why want the Day of the Lord.
Hyperbolic, apocalyptic language.

2:12-14 Plea to turn to the God of mercy.
Even now, at this point… when judgment has begun with the locusts… God says… even now… return to me… that is what He wants!
Vs. 12 With all our hearts.
Vs. 12 With fasting… weeping… mourning…
Does God have all our hearts.
Matt. 22:37-40. Love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength.
John 4:23
But the hour is coming, and is now here, when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people to worship him. My people will worship me in spirit and in truth.
Vs. 13 Rend your heart… not your garments.
Don’t outwardly religiously respond… respond with your heart!
Romans 9:6 6But it is not as though the word of God has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel belong to Israel, 7and not all are children of Abraham because they are his offspring,
Return to the Lord your God….
Vs. 13 Jonah 4:2 gracious, merciful, abounding, relents.
Isaiah 1:11-17. Contemporary. Same time. Calling for Israel to repent, quit being religious, and have true religion.
Then leave behind the ability to offer the religious offerings from a pure heart this time.

2:15-17 The cry of the faithful.
Blow, fast, assemble all, weep.
Where is their God?
What about with us… would people say this concerning our lives… do we represent God well?Is God transforming your life… as you are an ambassador of His.
Romans 2:21-24 you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal? 22You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23You who boast in the law dishonor God by breaking the law. 24For, as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.”
2 Cor. 5:17-21 17Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation.[b] The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. 18All this is from God, who through Christ reconciled us to himself and gave us the ministry of reconciliation; 19that is, in Christ God was reconciling[c] the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. 20Therefore, we are ambassadors for Christ, God making his appeal through us. We implore you on behalf of Christ, be reconciled to God. 21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

2:18-27 The Response of God’s Pity.
If the people will repent… he will restore them!
Too bad so many don’t truly want to repent, then and now.
Vs. 20 Northern army – Assyria… then like locusts… which I read can pile up in lakes and lands and have an incredible stench.
Restoration. Land, beasts, children of Zion.
You will be filled… and you will Praise God for His wonders.
Mark 1:14-15 14 Now after John was arrested, Jesus came into Galilee, proclaiming the gospel of God, 15and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand; repent and believe in the gospel.”

2:28-32 The Lord Pours out His Spirit.
“Those days”… “the day of the Lord”…
Jesus picks up the apocalyptic language in Matt. 24:29…31.
Now Joel will move forward to an even more future day. Using apocalyptic language… and due to us knowing Peter will use this in a famous sermon Acts 2:17ff to explain a phenomenon.
The spirit will move on all types, classes, genders of people.
The beginning of the Last Days with Jesus… to Pentecost when the Spirit comes…
to the final days of the Last Days… which will be the culmination in history and the final “Last Days”.
“And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.”
Acts 2:21 “Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord…
Romans 10:13