Sept. 25, Sermon Notes Joel 1

The Run Down
I.  Context, setting, date, contemporaries
II. Hear and tell
III. People
IV. Locusts
V. Awaken, lament, mourn, shame, sackcloth, fast, call.
VI. Religious ceremonies ended
VII. Prosperity broken
I.Show timeline of contemporaries from Hosea study.
Written around mid 8th Century BC.
King Jeroboam II of Israel, same period Hosea of Israel (northern kingdom) dealt with. 
Assyria’s King Tiglath-pileser III western campaign 743BC.
In Judah, King Uzziah, 792-740BC.  2 Chron. 26:1-13.
Strong military strategist and fortifier, started doing “right in the eyes of the Lord”… ended “proud, unfaithful, angry, cursed – leprous.”
Time of prosperity, great expansion, militarily, administratively, commercially, and economically.
Same territorial dimensions as Davidic/Solomon Kingdom. 

In this period, God raised up the “writing” prophets. 
Joel, Unifying theme:  terrible locust plague a forerunner of things to come, “the Day of the Lord”, historical occurrence and spiritual lesson.
Joel is very familiar with the Temple and its ministry which is in the southern kingdom, Judah, he knows the geography and land.

 Among the dated minor prophets of Hosea, Amos, and Jonah and also Isaiah.
Similar dated references:
Locusts- Amos 4:9, 7:1-3.
Earthquake- Amos 1:1 and Joel 3:16 and Zechariah 14:5
The agricultural loss threatened the continuance of the sacrificial offerings.
2 Chron. 26:16 of Uzziah, is representative of Judah.
“But when he grew strong, he grew proud, to his destruction.”

 Joel – locust plague just a precursor to real judgment if Judah doesn’t repent and turn to God.Joel will also speak to eschatological (last things) times.
God will deal ultimately with the Jewish people, keep a remnant, pour out His Spirit 2:28-29, marvelous signs, gather to Promised Land, judge the nations, fight a great battle, bring peace and prosperity.
The Day of the Lord.

II. Hear and tell.
Vss 1-3, hear.
Claim to prophetic word.  1) foretelling  2) teaching/preaching.
1)     Elders. 
2)     All inhabitants of “the land”. 
3)    To your children, and them to theirs, and them to theirs.
Are you listening to the Word of the Lord. 
Not just hearing… but listening.  Like Jesus says with ears to hear…
Ok… if you are “hearing”…. “applying” “living”…
The events and actions of God.
Are you then telling to your children.
And then how well is that getting or will it get to their children.
How is your commitment in “hearing” doing?
Psalm 78:1-8, listen, tell it.
Are you listening to God,… then telling it in your home?  To others?
QT… Bible Study… Prayer…. Speak to your family the things of God… testimony… in car explanations… Giving
Are you teaching your children the ways of the Lord?
Prov. 22:6  Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it. 
Children are you obeying?
Eph. 6:1ff… children obey your parents in the Lord, for this is right….Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord. 
Working relationship… 1st telling, 2nd persuading, 3rd counseling.
Jesus takes it…
Matthew 13:9-13  9 He who has ears, let him hear.”  10Then the disciples came and said to him, “Why do you speak to them in parables?” 11And he answered them, “To you it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given. 12 For to the one who has, more will be given, and he will have an abundance, but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away. 13This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand.

 III. Elders, inhabitants of ‘the land’, children, drunkards, farmers, priests/ministers.
All people… including enjoying too much wine… showing excess, prosperity, farmers for economic gain… and priests for religious ceremonies.
God has sent his army.

 IV. Show a locust phenomena on youtube.
Vs. 4.  Cutting, swarming, hopping, destroying… locusts.
Vs. 5.  Wake up you drunks!
Like 1 Thess. 5:7, children of the day, don’t sleep, don’t be drunk at night…
New wine is snatched.
Vs. 6.  A nation (locusts).
Vs. 7 laid waste vines and ruined my fig trees.
3 groups get called out:  regular citizens, farmers, priests.
“As in the northern kingdom, so in Judah, prosperity had disastrous effects.  Despite a basic concern for spiritual things, Uzziah’s spiritual progress was not consistent and his varied successes were to lead to his downfall.”

 V. Awaken, lament, mourn, shame, sackcloth, fast, call.
Vs. 8 Lament.  Weep. 

VI. Religious ceremonies ended
Vs. 9 Grain offering/drink offering.
The fruit of the vine was not evil in and of itself, but misuse was.  It could be a sign of God’s blessing and poured out to God as a drink offering Lev. 23:12-13, Number 6:17.
Formal religious system, internal moral decay.
“While formal worship services are an essential part of the Israelite’s religious experience, a mere externalism is insufficient before God.”
Hosea 2:8-9 God gave her, will take away.
No grain offerings, no wine offerings, meant soon no meat burnt offerings.
Forced denial vs disciplined self denial. 
Vs. 10 Signs of prosperity, religious life, and God’s blessing, eaten by the army.
Vs. 11 Be ashamed.
Vs. 11 Be ashamed farmers.  Are there things we should be ashamed of that we are hiding from.  Ashamed of our words, actions, hatred, bitterness, drunkenness, sexual actions, disobedience, obstinence, pride, selfishness?
Vs. 12.  All dries up, drought, locusts.  
Should we be ashamed of “religiousness” without “true religion”. 
James take care of our family.  Care for widows, orphans, elderly.  Worship in spirit and in truth.
Love God and one another.  Be selfless in how we treat our wives,… respect our husbands, obey our parents, live it before our children.
Vs. 13 Sackcloth and lament.  Priests… ministers. 
Vs. 14, fast, assemble, elders, inhabitants, and repent and pray.
Hosea 7:14 says the northerners end up crying for the wheat and the wine… but not for God.
Let’s examine our hearts and see if we only want God’s blessing yet not God, the one who blesses.
Why do we turn?  For what?  The blessings, derivatives of relationship from God, or for God? 

VII.  Prosperity Broken.
Vs. 15  “The day of the Lord.”… Historically then… God’s current judgment of locusts… to a further day of coming judgment on Judah… then develops into a future future day of the Lord.
Prosperity ended. 
Vs 16-18… no food, joy, gladness, in God’s house, storehouses, granaries, beasts, herds of cattle, sheep… all suffering under God’s judgment.
Think of the US Financial woes… God can uses natural disaster, political means, financial, religious, … to chastise His people.  When the system goes down… think… even the faithful hurt with the majority of unfaithful.  Yet God says He’ll take care of us.  
Vs. 19-20, the plea to the Lord.   Locusts, heat, drought….

Sept. 18, Sermon Notes 2 Thess. 3

The Run Down
Read 2 Thessalonians 3
Vs. 1 Church pray for Church planter
Vs. 2 Not all have faith in the Lord.  Evil men maybe in Corinth as he writes, Acts 18:5,6,12,13.
Vs. 3 But the Lord is faithful to you
Isn’t that a nice thought… God is faithful to you!   He will finish the good word he started in you
Vs. 4 Confidence in the Lord for obedience
Vs. 5 Love of God / Steadfastness of Christ, Eph. 3:14-21.
Vs. 6 We command, Paul, Silas, Timothy.
The Lords Coming, walking in idleness, waiting.
From 1 Thess. 5:14, 4:11-12.
Vs. 7-9 Paul says we worked!
They paid for food.
Not prescriptive to not pay ministers, paul’s emphasizing in this context how he went out of his way, sacrificed, and labored in addition.
There are times Paul finds this appropriate, and other times where he finds it appropriate to receive pay for their work.
1 Tim. 5:17-18.  1 Cor. 9:3ff.  Do you work to support your ministry?   What is your ministry?
What gifts are you using in ministry, are you supporting your outreach, or just your belly?
Vs. 10 … when we were with you….1 Thess. 4:11
Vs. 11-12, work quietly, earn living.
Vs. 10-12  Busybodies, work quietly, earn living, Good behavior, good employee, good citizen.
1 Peter 3:14-15.
Are you nosey?
Vs. 13 “Don’t grow weary in doing good.”  Tied to next verse of thess. Being idle. Tied to next vs… friends You associate with. Do you friends cause you to tire in doing good… or encourage you on in the faith.
Do you ever get tired of trying to be good… Do you ever want to obey your flesh!
Listening to your boss, being gentle waiting in line at a store, thinking of others as you order food, serving you spouse, dutifully going to church,…
don’t stop the good.!
Vs. 14 Paul surely is taking the authority he has to direct discipline.
“Have nothing to do with him”… to make him ashamed.
We shouldn’t idly sit by while our brothers sin!
I cor. 5:11, Matt. 18:17
Vs. 15… don’t do to hurt…not enemy but a brother.
Vs. 17 Paul is interested in emphasizing since a forgery maybe had gone to them from “him”.

Sept. 11, Sermon Notes 2 Thess. 2:13-17

The Run Down
Read 2 Thessalonians 2:13-17
A) Vs.13 We ought…. Thankful for who is saved, name some, sanctification process, what would they be like if not…. Let’s be thankful.
B) 1:3 Faith and love growing-free choice…. 2:13 chosen, saved thru sanctification belief.
C) Chose Firstfruits (from the beginning)
D) Through Sanctification / Belief
He Called
E) Vs. 2:10,11 refused truth, believe false…
Ex. 5:2 Pharaoh “I Don’t know this God”
John 18:38, Pilate… “What is truth?”
1 John 5:10-12, God a liar? Romans, reject truth, God willingly allows you to believe a lie.
Matthew, give a little then he’ll give you more.
F) Vs. 13, Kurious (lord Jesus), Theos (God), pneumatos (Spirit), Trinitarian concept.
Matth. 28:19 baptismal formula.
H) vs. 14 “our Gospel”, “other gospels”, find the basics, examples of additions, Gal. 1:6ff, Col. 2.
Colossians, new moons, sabbaths, aceticism, docetism (JC sprititual, Scientology), arians (JC subordinate, JW’s), marcion (OT God evil, Seculars).

I) vs. 15, Stand firm. Our gospel, our traditions, taught, word, letter.
Stand firm. psalm 1:3 tree, Jer. 17:7-8, Mark 4:30ff to growing kingdom.
J) 2:2 Don’t be Alarmed…false spirit, false spoken word, false writing.
Our gospel, (pure doctrine), traditions (teachings) taught by us… spoken word or letter.
K) Pseudepigrapha, falsely attributed writings, Apocrypha Hidden writings…. The Gospel of Thomas, The Gospel of Judas, The Gospel of Mary,
L) Non-canonical but not heretical, Epistle of Barnabas, Didache, First Clement, Polycarp, Tertullian,
M) 2 Tim. 2:8-9, my gospel. Vs 15 rightly handle word of truth; 3:16 God breathed, Titus 2:1 sound doctrine, 2 Peter 3:1, 2nd letter, vs. 15-16 in all his letters… as they twist other Scriptures.
N) Hebrews 5:1-6:4 milk and steak, Heb. 10:24-25.
Universalists, Jehovah Witnesses, Mormons, Agnostics, Ancient Alien Theory.
2 timothy 2:14ff handle correctly.
O) Vs. 16-17
“He loves (gives) us, they love (give) us”
Work & Word, let’s do both!

Jr. High Youth Ministry Begins

“The Crizzle” Jr. High Youth Ministry Begins Sunday night Sept. 18th 6:30-7:30pm at Rob Moore’s House, Steeple Chase Circle, Weddington.
Be there for devotion, 3 base pickle, pingpong, and basketball… all of which Super Marky P has Championship trophies in.  (Even Robbie and Luke can’t beat him, esp in Basketball!… Word.) 
Snacks served, … bring a friend.  For boys and girls!

Sept. 4, Sermon Notes 2 Thess. 2

Caution, Confidence, and Grace
2 Thessalonians 2
I can be guilty of coming across a text,… and exhaustively trying to cover it all in one sermon… I can’t and won’t do that today.  This is a notoriously difficult passage and subject.  But I won’t ignore it either.  And as I looked up numerous resources from early church fathers  Tertullian, John Chrysostom, Augustine, to Reformation guys Luther, Calvin, Edwards, Wesley, to Contemporaries Ryrie, Scofield, Morris, Ladd, Gentry, MacArthur….  I want to approach, with you, with caution, confidence, and grace.  This is a journey of study.  This will only be a part of that Journey.

Leon Morris “We must bear in mind the gaps in our knowledge, and not be too confident in our interpretations of this notoriously difficult passage.”
George Eldon Ladd “Any interpretation must be at best a hypothesis.” Reference the restrainer.

Read 2 Thess. 2
50AD…. Back drop is persecution from fellow Jews and fellow Gentiles in Thessalonica.
General thrusts of both letters is 1 Thess. 5:23-24.  “Now may the God of peace himself sanctify you completely, and may your whole spirit and soul and body be kept blameless at the coming (parousia) of our Lord Jesus Christ.  He who calls you is faithful; he will surely do it.”
Similarly from the Gospels… might not understand all prophecy… but point is to be alert, awake, ready!

We shouldn’t throw up our hands and not study the End, We shouldn’t be obsessive and only study the End, and We shouldn’t become so dogmatic in our view that we exclude other orthodox Christians.

2 Thessalonians 2
This letters is further teaching that is a supplement to Paul’s oral teaching.  We find it difficult to fill in some gaps on assumptions of things the Thessalonians knew and we don’t.

Your Interpretive Scheme will effect the way you interpret key words and phrases in this 2 Thess. 2 passage.  Be aware of the interpretations going on in your mind as you read.
Preterism:  most prophecies fulfilled in destruction of the second temple 70AD.   Roman 3 year siege to destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple.  Abomination of Desolation armies around Jerusalem.   Luis De Alcasar, Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hayne, Joseph Hall, Henry Hammond, Firmin Abauzit, Henry Alford, Kenneth Gentry.

Historicism:  identify prophetic passages with historic world events from 70AD to future.  Identify much of persecution against the church, and the papacy as “anti-christ”.  John Calvin, Adam Clarke, Jonathan Edwards, Matthew Henry, Martin Luther, John Wesley, George Whitefield, Charles Spurgeon.

Futurism: most prophecies are still yet to be fulfilled in the future from now. John Darby, Cyrus Scofield, Norman Geisler, Hal Lindsey, John MacArthur, J. Vernon McGee, Tim LaHaye.

2 Thessalonians 2
First the Rebellion, vs. 3.
It restraining him, He is out of the way, vs. 6.
Lawless one is revealed, vs. 3.
Sits in Temple of God, vs. 4.
World believes lies, because rejected truth, vs. 10.
Jesus appearance of his coming, vs. 8.
Jesus kills lawless one with his breath, vs. 8.                                   
(1 Thess. 4:15ff Jesus gathers elect caught up to him.)

The Olivet Discourse spoken in 33AD, is the background to Paul’s further teaching in 2 Thess. 2.  We as 2011 Christians must come to understand the importance of the 2nd Temple, Jesus’ prophecy against it, and its 70AD destruction within that generation, controlling our imaginative horses that “runs to a 3rd Temple”.  No matter what scheme of interpretation we fall under, we must appreciate the monumentual transition from the Old Covenant, to the New Covenant, with the “coincidence” of Jesus presence, death, resurrection, and 2nd Temple destruction.  Useful points below, similar to Paul’s later expanded teaching in bold.

Mark 13  The Olivet Discourse or Little Apocalypse  (Matt. 24 almost identical)  (Luke 21 differences in parenthesis.)
2ND Temple will be destroyed. 
Many false christs, wars, end is not yet.
Nations vs nations.
Earthquakes, birth pangs…. Just the beginning.
Persecution from synagogues and kings.
Gospel to all nations.
Abomination of desolation standing where it ought not be (reader understand.)
(Luke: Jerusalem surrounded by armies, its desolation has come near.)
In Judea flee, not pregnant, not winter, not Sabbath.
(Luke: Jerusalem trampled by Gentiles, until their time is fulfilled.)
Tribulation of all time.
After those days.
Stellar apocalyptic happenings.
Son of Man on the clouds.
Gather the elect from all over the earth.
(Luke: Your redemption near.)
Fig tree branches and summer.
Within this “generation”.
“That day”… no one knows when.

WOW!  That’s a lot to bite off and continue with in your journey through the Scriptures. 
No easy answers here.  Enjoy!